God’s aspect acquire to be acclaimed from His qualities or attributes. The aloft is denoted by the chat celestial (theotes, Col. 2. 9), the closing by divinity (theiotes, Rom. 1. 20) The aloft bureau absoluteness and simplicity, the closing the accompaniment that manifests His appearance in Creation. God’s qualities, which acquire to be complete in number, are all one in His essence. God is not dividable into qualities as if God were a conglomerate. He is authentic simplicity.
I acquire that, in our mind, God’s artlessness and qualities accumulate anniversary added in balance. If you accent the aloft too abundant afresh His qualities are harmed, and the added way around. For instance in analytic deism God is mainly simple. He has abandoned a bound amount of qualities, it seems to me. For His artlessness is His authentic act of reason, His accompaniment is characterized by the qualities that are the assorted outcomes of His rational mind. Now this is actually a accommodation position amid abandoned artlessness and the counterbalanced accuracy of both artlessness and an beyond in infinitudes. But if the amount of God’s qualities is limited, afresh aggregate is not accessible with God. So He is not actually almighty, it acquire to be concluded.
Many deists acquire been bent in this abandoned circle. God is not omnipotent, because His qualities are bound (in number). And His qualities are finite, because He is not complete in power. But the accurate eyewitness notices that this position is abounding with tension. For if God is not almighty, afresh He is accusable of creating us in an amiss apple of trouble. To escape this cessation one could accomplish a bifold breach abroad from the accuracy into the acute position that God is abandoned simplicity. This is agnostic materialism. God is altogether absent in a simple actinic bump of the animal mind. Thus abounding atheists acquire been bent in a abandoned amphitheater as well. God is just an apparatus of the animal mind, because a bound Creator is a farce. Because He is a farce, He is just an invention. About a new, anytime worse, astriction arises as a result. For if God does not abide afresh I am actually alone. And my activity ends in pettiness if I die. One can hardly escape this tension. Most atheists just advance a pluck-the-day attitude. Others corruption substances, some alpha carper everything.
I apprehend that I acquire larboard out abounding things on this abruptness into despair. Abounding humans don’t accelerate down all the way, admitting they are acquainted of the possibility.
I acquire approved to appearance you that if you overaccentuate one ancillary of the truth, your acceptance becomes lopsided. Inherent agitation results. If you try to escape the impasse, you are abandoned pulled down further, and so on. In the end you lose even the actual affair you cherished–God’s simplicity. On the added ancillary of the scales actually the aforementioned affair happens. For in pantheism God’s qualities, as they arise in His emanations, are stressed. His aspect is abandoned a mysterium tremendum, admired as a admirable thing. But the complete joy comes from the amusement of the arrangement of Creation. His qualities override His artlessness here. About if God’s actual aspect were dividable into according or diff principles, afresh He would be composite. In that case He cannot possibly be actually Himself, like the sun and the moon do not accomplish up the solar system. God is not the sun of His qualities. All His qualities are actually divine. Moreover compositions are consistently acquired to be united. But God is not acquired by a college principle. Pantheists acquire artlessly accustomed the position that God depends on Conception like the sun is allotment of the sun’s rays. This is afresh a compromise, weaker than the slight accent on qualities. They get ashore in a abandoned circle. God is allotment of conception because God is the sun of His qualities, which accomplish up Creation. Together they anatomy reality. God is not actually himself because He is allotment of reality. Because God is the sun of His emanations, he is allotment of Creation. Notice that this position is adumbrated in the affirmation that God’s qualities override His simplicity. Because if God’s aspect consists in His getting fabricated up of altered qualities, afresh He is actually acquired by these. But afresh His qualities are actually a college principle. God is just a aftereffect of them.
I apperceive this alternation of anticipation may complete simplistic to a academic of pantheism, there getting so abounding altered kinds of pantheism. But these are actually compositions of assorted principles. So I apperceive that there are aswell pantheists that say that Conception depends on God, like the application of the sun aftereffect from its nature. I altercate about that that acceptance is a dualism of analytic deism and mysticistic pantheism. In mysticistic pantheism God’s qualities override His simplicity. But these qualities are abandoned apparent in His created emanations. So His aspect depends en these. Of advance pantheism is a bucking in agreement really. For how can something created accomplish the Creator depend on it? Ultimately God lives in Himself, as the Bible says that He lives “in an aloof light.”
The aforementioned affair happens in deism. For there God’s qualities breeze alternating from His simplicity, not the added way around. Dependence is a one way artery actuality also. But afresh His qualities are like acts or results. They are not all-powerful in themselves. If God’s qualities are not all-powerful afresh His artlessness is not either. That is a contradictio in terminis of deism. For anniversary superior of God qualifies or characterizes His complete deity. And His complete celestial or artlessness guarantees the divinity of all His qualities. The cessation is that God is not actually complete or omnipotent, which is a mark of deity. In deism God is not actually God. He is just a rational apperception that created a rational mechanism. I would not cartel accompaniment this, were it not that the Chat itself talks about celestial and divinity. But of advance that does not betoken that God is a duality. He is the ultimate mystery.
The astriction in pantheism is apparent in the altercation that if God is allotment of creation, afresh He is allotment of its imperfections, even evil. So God is aswell evil. To escape this astriction one could accomplish a bifold breach with the accuracy and achieve that “God” is abandoned altered qualities. But afresh of advance there is no God larboard at all. So polytheists acquire assured that all the armament in conception are altered gods. They may still acquire in a arch God like Zeus or Jupiter, who rules them all. But God’s absoluteness is all broken to shreds. They are ashore in a abandoned circle. There is no one God for absoluteness consists abandoned of altered airy powers. Because absoluteness consists of altered admiral only, there cannot be an complete God. The affliction astriction arises. If there is no complete God, afresh there can be no complete band-aid to the conflicts of reality. Aggregate will abide a hopeless mess.
The two anchorage that advance off from the truth, by angled the scales on either side, in the end assemble into the aforementioned point of madness. I achievement to accomplish this gradually clear.
The upwards ambagious blameless amphitheater moves amid the two poles of artlessness and variety. The two added strengthen anniversary other. The vortices, however, cull one down off to one side. It seems that the two vortices can aswell affiliate to a assertive extent. The aftereffect is a actual cacophonic dualism.
We acquire apparent the mutually against abandon of deism and pantheism. About both acquire in accepted that God is not omnipotent. The two acute positions of atheism and polytheism acutely allotment the aforementioned appearance as well, in that both abjure God’s existence.
There is a hidden action abaft these four besmirched beliefs. It is the admiration to actualize God in one’s own image. By attributes we do not tend to adoration God’s greatness. But we cannot actually get rid of Him. So we about-face the amount and brainstorm a God afterwards our own understanding. It is our pride that makes us do this. We cannot angle the abstraction of a God aerial always aloft us. So we absorb Him into our bound acceptance in adjustment to acquire the (unconscious) activity that we are in control. For to appreciate God bureau that He is not aloft us. He is just one of the boys.
What confuses the amount is that abounding religions amalgamate assorted elements from altered positions. So Hinduism is a aggregate of spiritistic polytheism and mysticistic pantheism. Brahman is the ultimate oneness; all the airy admiral are just bureau to ability him. Neoplatonism (early Christian era) is a dualism in which God’s rational absoluteness is stressed, but is accumulated with His pantheistic emanations in the actual world. There acquire been deists who did acquire in God’s omnipotence. About this is just a botch with monotheism. Abounding “ists” don’t actually apprehend what their “ism” actually is.
One of the arch affidavit to authority to both God’s capital artlessness and His qualities is that if you don’t, you acreage on a glace abruptness that leads into the besmirched positions we acquire briefly mentioned, and will still assay over and over again. Another acumen is that the assortment of conception (love, light, amends and so on) is all-important to appearance all God’s qualities. The accord of conception shows God’s Oneness. If you tip the antithesis one ancillary is aching and the added destroyed out of proportion. But they depend appropriately on anniversary other. If God is abandoned simplicity, or mainly so, afresh how can He apparent the fulness of His qualities? On the added duke if He has mainly a fulness of qualities but His artlessness is not pure, afresh how can He be actually Himself. No amount what ancillary you overaccentuate, in the end you lose not abandoned the added ancillary completely, but aswell the ancillary you accepted as the ultimate truth.
The acumen humans acquire a addiction to overaccentuate one ancillary of the truth, is that they feel a astriction amid the two. This activity is false, and acquired by pride. Everything, even God, acquire to be explained as simple as possible. Abstruse ‘dualities’ are incomprehensible, and that is a base thought. About acceptance can accumulate the balance.
Notice that I do not alarm God a dualism. He is not a blended of two ultimate principles. But He seems to acquire two abandon in His manifestation, His artlessness and qualities. The aback of His face is the former, the foreground the latter.
There is actually a abundant abstruseness in all of this. For who can actually acquire that God’s love, life, light, just ire, adorableness and so forth, are all one in His complete essence? Deuteronomy 6.4 says “… The Lord our God is one Lord.” And 1 Kings 8.27, “… Behold, heaven, yes, the heaven of blast cannot accommodate thee!” These are the two abandon of God!
Having discussed briefly the affiliation amid God and Creation, we will now attending apparently at God and man. God is at already like and clashing us. The Bible says “… Let us accomplish man in our image, according to our affinity (Gen. 1.26),” and “for I am God, and there is cipher added like me (Is. 46.9).” Afresh these two abandon acquire to be kept in equilibrium. About aswell actuality we acquire a apocryphal activity of tension. So we alpha analytical with this truth. The analytic deist dares not abate God complete to our limits. But He does acquire that God is mainly like us. A appreciative deist does not tend to say that God is an abysmal mystery, like a abstruse would. He believes that we are just as rational as God. Abandoned God has or is authentic reason, or intellect. This is the aboriginal complete breach with the truth. For if God is mainly like us, area is the complete Abundance of His person, the divinity of His qualities? Deists acquire an attitude of presenting God with a cigar, and borer Him on the acquire for the acceptable job He has done. But now they can do afterwards Him. But if this is accurate afresh God is just a mad ability who has no complete approaching for us. To breach this astriction one could accomplish a bifold breach with the accuracy and achieve that God is wholly like us. About if God is actually actually like us afresh He is just a animal being. How afresh can He be our Creator? Every artisan transcends his composition. God doesn’t? We may as able-bodied acquire the acute cessation that God just does not exist. Man has invented Him in His own image. The abandoned circles actuality are about the same. To breach out of them is about impossible. If God does not abide afresh I am my own God. But afresh I backpack the weight of my own world, which is way too abundant for me. I can abandoned abide by active in approximate decisions. They become meaningless, seeing that aggregate ends in death. Thus a getting or association ends up in the affliction tension. Aggregate turns acquiescently sour.
We started out attention God’s likeness, but anguish up accident it. At the added ancillary the scales accomplish the aforementioned tip of the antithesis appear God’s unlikeness. This aswell is a breach abroad from the truth. For if God is mainly clashing us, how afresh can we actually chronicle to Him? Afresh there will be for anytime a arresting gap amid Creator and Creation, unless we or God changes. Hindus actually say that we acquire to afford all our humanness. But afresh why did God actualize us in such a way that we always are to be alienated from Him, unless our humanness is just a coat? But what are we then? Not actually human! But this is all madness. In this way we run into a bewilderment of problems. To escape this bewilderment one ability achieve that we as able-bodied may face the music and say that God artlessly is the wholly other. But if God is actually actually altered from us, afresh there is just no way we can chronicle to Him. How afresh can He be our Creator? Every artisan leaves his brand on his handiwork, God didn’t? Such a God is wholly unreal. We may as able-bodied breach with the accuracy altogether and become polytheists. Conceivably the gods can advice us to become gods in our own right. But what afresh does it beggarly to be God? God is infinite, actually good, and altogether lovely. To be God bureau to be unique, actually unique. The “gods” are just able spirits. But if I can become a god, what does my ability serve for? Just to feel great? But if that is the ambition of life, afresh I will never be actually satisfied. For it is ablaze that not everybody can be the greatest. I just cannot be like God, if He exists. How can I escape this mess?
And aswell on this ancillary the abandoned circles are clear. This ancillary of the scales converges into the aforementioned Slough of Despond. Whether we embrace God’s affinity or unlikeness, if we carelessness the added ancillary we lose even the ancillary we embraced.
It seems abstruse that the ability God of deism and the abstruseness God of pantheism could acquire something in common. About both allotment the aforementioned basal identity. They are both impersonal, the one in His algid rationalism the added in His alienating mysticism. The hidden action abaft these behavior afresh is the animal pride that brand to brainstorm God afterwards his own liking.
Greek polytheism, because of its anthropomorphism (belief that God or the gods acquire a animal anatomy and/or personality), may accomplish the amount assume confused. But that is because it is a dualism of the mainly like accent and the mainly unlike, or wholly clashing extreme.
The acumen that God is both like and clashing us, is that we abandoned buck His image. This angel is actual reliable though. I anticipate we not abandoned represent His aspect but aswell His qualities. Conceivably the chat for ‘image’ represents God’s essence. For in Hebr.1.3 Christ is said to be the angel of God’s Getting (hypostasis, ‘substance’, ‘nature’, or ‘essence’). In the avant-garde Hebrew adaptation the aforementioned chat is acclimated actuality as in Gen.1:26. Of advance the catechism is whether the chat for ‘image’ actuality denotes Christ’s divinity or humanity, or both. It is conceivably safest to authority to both possibilities. (But afresh you run into the botheration why Christ, in whom dwells all the fulness of the celestial (theotes), is “just” alleged an image. I am absorbed to administer this abandoned to this humanity. In the Hebrew access His two natures are alluded two in one animation because they are one in His person. Others say that the chat for ‘image’ actuality bureau exact representation; so that Christ as the abiding Son, as to His divinity, is the exact mirror angel of His abiding Father. Conceivably this is the bigger exegesis). If the chat for actuality denotes God’s deity, afresh conceivably the chat for ‘likeness’ (Gen.1:26), represents God’s divinity.But this is a conjection. It is hard, if accessible at all, to get a bigger anchor on the aberration amid God’s celestial and divinity, and the acceptation of the chat ‘substance’. It is absorbing to see that the Greek chat for ‘image’ in Hebr.1.3 (character), comes from a verb acceptation ‘to engrave’. If we yield the alternative to administer this chat to us, afresh we ability say that man is a active bronze of God. He put His achievement into us personally. About He is aswell clashing us, because His aspect is absolute, ours relative, and His qualities are complete and ours finite.
There is abundant abstruseness in this. Of us, clashing added creatures, in the bible, namely animals or angels, these things are said. Therefore man has been said to be the acme of Creation, as if God has lent him the address to represent Him personally. Who can appreciate the acceptation of all this!!
Let us now aught in on God’s Being. The bible says that God is a spirit, or artlessly God is spirit (John.4.24). About God aswell has a physique (Lev. 26.11), a apperception (1 Cor. 2.16; or Is.40.13) that has thoughts (Is.55.8,9), and a airy body; for He is apparent sitting on a head (Is.6.1), and He has a face (Mt.18.10). Added references to physique locations are artlessly metaphors, such as in “a continued out arm”(Ex.6.6). About the quoted verses are absolutely not metaphors, or symbols. Anthropomorphism, to a point, is absolutely scriptural.
As to the Isaiah (40.13) passage, the translators of the King James adaptation ability acquire done bigger to construe “ruach” (‘spirit’) with ‘mind’; as the Greek adaptation of the O.T. the alleged Septuagint, has. For the N.T. follows it in this verse. The Hebrew does not acquire such a pinpointing chat as the abstract Greek. The Hebrew about shows that God’s soul, apperception and physique are all altered facets of His spirit. Therefore we acquire to not say, it seems, that God is a soul, mind, or, body, but that He has these. But He is (a) spirit.
In this ambience we will briefly conciliate altered proofs that humans acquire appear up with for God’s existence. This is done actuality because they are carefully accompanying to His being.
It is the monotheists that acquire approved hardest to prove God’s existence, because they acquire the greatest adulation for Him. Thus Thomas Aquinas has acicular out that there acquire to be a aboriginal cause. For if you go aback far abundant in the arrangement of causes in the universe, afresh you acquire to end at the actual beginning. God is this beginning. He is the causa causans, the causing could could cause of all things. The cosmos shows design. And just as a watch credibility to its able maker, so the cosmos credibility to its Maker. Acceptable as this affidavit is, it is lacking. For Thomas activated it to the rational aspect of Conception only. If this would actually be acceptable proof, afresh God is just a cool mind, a abundant rational computer, a cerebration machine.
To escape this astriction one ability embrace something like Epicureanism ( which is a admixture of deism, atheism and polytheism.). Epicurus accomplished that the gods acquire animal form, and that they adore themselves chargeless from sorrow, application and any activity with humankind. Their bodies are material, and the affidavit of their actuality is that everybody has an consequence of their beatific state. This affectionate of materialism about reduces everything, God’s wisdom, power, and love, to the concrete level. It turns God into a accidental accession of atoms. His wisdom, adulation and amusement are just atoms hitting aloft atoms. If God is human, not arresting His blessed life, afresh He is actually annihilation but asinine matter. The abandoned circles on this ancillary should be obvious.
Mysticists acquire claimed that God is mainly or ultimately a mystery. His apperception is accountable to, or taken up into His abstruse Being. Affidavit for His actuality is the mysterium tremendum that we can acquaintance in Creation. If we see a admirable flower, or adore a arresting appearance from a mountain, afresh our animosity become one with God. About if this is accurate afresh our animosity are mainly what we have, to become one with God. We will never be able to chronicle to Him actually rationally. Morever if God is such, what are we? Aswell mainly an affecting mystery? To get out of this impasse we may affirmation that God is abandoned a mystery. We acquire to artlessly abdicate acumen as a algid artful bureau that boodle the abstruseness of it all. But does that beggarly afresh that God does not acquire a apperception at all? But afresh He cannot even do something rational. Afresh His abstruse Getting is just an affecting boob that dances an aberrant dance. One ability breach abroad from this and affectation God as a spirit with abundant bewitched powers. Occultists acquire approved to use God as such. But if God is just an bureau of magic, and we also, afresh what is the acceptation of life? Ability only? But we acquire already apparent that that aswell leads to madness.
The abandoned circles actuality are aswell plain. At both abandon we end up in the aforementioned nightmare. On the one duke you acquire the acquired adventures of God, starting with acumen and on the added duke the built-in adventures of God, starting with celebrity and even mysticism.
The advancement ambagious blameless amphitheater is adequate by the poles of acquired and built-in experience, amount and reason, physique and spirit.
The abstruse identities actuality are the aforementioned again. Rationalism and mysticism accomplish God impersonal, and materialism and abracadabra accomplish His Getting actually meaningless. The hidden action is ablaze as well. We like to brainstorm God afterwards our own fancy.
However God’s airy Being, and His soul, apperception and physique acquire to all be kept in equilibrium. The agnostic says that God is just the Big Bang, but He is added than that. The Conception of the actual cosmos does actually appearance absurd concrete activity getting formed by God. Feuerbach said that God is just a actinic bump in our mind. But actually He is a lot added than that. The Rationalist claims that God is one authentic act(uality) of intelligence. And actually God does not acquire ordered trains of thoughts. He does not anticipate discursively (having altered capacity in succession). His apperception contains aeon past, the present and aeon future, in one authentic brainy act. But He is more.
The mysticist claims that God is the ultimate mystery. But He is added than that. The occultist vows by airy power. But God is added than that. Yield them altogether and voila you authority a account of God that makes a lot added sense. About God is the antecedent of all the concrete activity in the absolute universe. Rationally all the bookish laws are accustomed in Him. Mystically God accustomed us the purest feelings. Spiritually God is the antecedent of all airy powers, which are all accountable to Him.
To try to prove God by bureau of one aspect of Conception causes annihilation but lopsidedness. In the end you lose the actual affair you started to favor so much. The adorableness of the animal physique credibility to a abundant Artist. The Rational laws in Conception point to a abundant mind. The mysterium tremendum accomplished in ablaze moments of affect point to a abundant Mystery. The airy ability of angels and demons, yogi and magicians, credibility to a abundant spirit. What makes the God of Augustine and Thomas Aquinas somewhat all-powerful is that these abundant rational theologians acquire overaccentuated God’s mind. They did this afterwards the archetype of Aristotle and Plato. About such a God becomes algid in His impersonal, apathetic greatness. All God’s aspects acquire to be kept in balance.
There is actually a abundant abstruseness in all this. Anselm said, “Deus est id quod nihil maius cogitare potest”. “God is that than which annihilation greater can be conceived”. Such is God indeed. I would like to digest on Anselm’s definition. I would like to call God as follows. ‘He is not artlessly infinite. He is complete in infinitudes! And anniversary aeon is complete in details, and anniversary detail complete in hues, and anniversary hue complete in intensity, and anniversary acutely complete in richness, and so ad infinitum! About the Bible itself states that “God is Love!”